RSS Feed
Knowledgebase : GENERAL APPLICATION/INFORMATION.
   


DOS, Windows 3.1x, and early releases of Windows 95 use the FAT16 file system. Due to structural restrictions, FAT16 cannot access partitions larger than 2.1 GB. You can still access the full capacity using FAT16, but you must create multiple partitions. ...
If you are installing your computer from scratch, you have a good opportunity to start planning for what you want to backup. It is much easier and safer to make things the way you want now than to try and change them later.1.Generally I like to recommend ...
 the system is not posting, check to be sure the video card is properly seated and well in the PCI or AGP expansion slot. Also check to make sure that the motherboard is not grounding out on a motherboard mount or the case chassis. Makes sure that t...
A. It has the same basic features as before, but it supports a redesigned menu system, mainly so you can control it from an Xbox 360 over your home network.
Description: XP Repair Pro 2007no other repair tool operates as efficiently, and thoroughly. is designed to specifically target eight areas of Windows that cause most software related system problems, as well as problems that cause your PC to act sluggis...
Available from Microsoft that improves the reliability of systems that use Intel processors using XP or Vista. This update is important for anyone using ANY Intel CPU (Not AMD) and running Vista or XP.
the network port called 1394 is a firewire , a tinny jack looks like a female connection used for connecting projectors and cam corders.
Offsite backup to store files or pictures online for easy access from anywhere. You can even open a free generic account and let others view or access the files. This opens many possibilities such as uploading a file from home and access it from work or a...
IDrive-E offers 2GB of free remote backup space without any backup and restore restrictions or bandwidth limits or file type restrictions. IDrive-E performs a 'complete hands-free automated backup' for your files and folders. IDrive-E is one of the most...
* A Microsoft microcode reliability update is available that improves the reliability of systems that use Intel processors for XP and Vista computers. This update is important for anyone using ANY Intel CPU (Not AMD) and running Vista or XP.
A hidden functionality in Windows allows you to right click on a directory, and select "Command Prompt Here" from the menu.Here's the registry hack to get this working. Make sure you back up your registry just in case. I'll show you the step-by-...
Cause:Missing Control Panel icons can be caused by any of the below possibilities.Control Panel icon was deleted or has become corrupt. Related software program or hardware device has been uninstalled or is no longer being detected by Windows. Solution:No...
Additional Installation Configuration OptionsYou can add these lines to your setup MSBATCH.INF fileNo Network NeighborhoodThis allows you to not show the Network Neighborhood without using System Policies [Install] Addreg=system.config[system.config] HKCU...
What Is a PDF? Short for Portable Document Format, PDF is a file format developed by Adobe Systems. PDF captures formatting information from a variety of desktop publishing applications making it possible to send documents and have them app...
While you may be familiar with the "Would you like to install DirectX now?" window, do you know what DirectX is, and why it is important to keep an updated version of it on your PC?Direct X is a set of  APIs (application program interfaces) d...
Open source usually refers to a program in which the source code is available to the general public for use and/or modification from its original design free of charge. Open source code is typically created as a collaborative effort in which p...
You should uninstall any older versions of Adobe Acrobat Reader before installing Reader v6. The v6 installation does NOT remove earlier versions of the reader software nor are you given any option to uninstall then during the v6 setup.
No. There are no special requirements for installing your ATX motherboard, but the following recommendations will help enable proper installation: Perform a dry-run installation of the motherboard into the case without the AMD Athlon processor or memory i...
Cause:Users who have large amounts of e-mail or information in outlook that they wish to backup may find it necessary to backup the mail in case that information is erased.Solutions:Microsoft Outlook Express users Microsoft Outlook usersMicrosoft Outlook ...
Users who purchase their computers or versions of Windows in a country may find that their version of Windows has a different language. Because Microsoft Windows is shipped to different countries Microsoft has several different versions of Windows known a...
Yes, you can use an AT mainboard in most ATX cases. However, when using an AT mainboard in an ATX case, an AT I/O shield (back plate) and appropriate power supply connection is required. Some cases come with such I/O plate, but some don’t. Currentl...
Not really. An AT case and AT power supply can neither power up nor house a new ATX mainboard. ATX and AT are two different form-factors. The AT case was designed before ATX. Most of the computer cases built before late 1996 were AT form-factor. For over ...
There are several solutions that enable users to connect their older parallel printers to their computer through USB. For example, there are single parallel to USB cables that directly connect your parallel port to the USB port. There are also USB hubs wi...
The solution to this question is really dependent on the type of printer you purchased or plan on purchasing. Many printers have both a parallel port and USB connection, which allows the consumer to choose which type of connection they wish to use. Many o...
Often computers will have one of the below configurations which does not allow any additional IDE devices connected to the computer.Two hard drives, a CD-ROM and a DVD/CD-RW drive. Three hard drives and one CD-ROM. One hard drive, CD-ROM drive, DVD drive,...
Yes, you can undo a System Restore in the same manner by which you initiated the original system restore. You will now see an option to undo the last restoration.
Users may wish to use their laptop display for their desktop for any of the below reasons.Their display for their desktop is bad or has failed. They feel the laptop display is better than the display on their desktop. They cannot afford a monitor for thei...
Most will work, however, there are specific limitations of older generation, legacy, and end-of-life components (i.e. ISA video cards, etc). Check with the device vendor to see if they have developed drivers for AMD Athlon processor-based systems.
we can connect 2 pc's by bluetooth technology.you will have to connect bluetooth to both the pc's. install the software which was given with the device.then you will have to pair both the devices in your software in both the pc's. then by clicking on the ...
Some people have discovered that after they remove the Easy CD Creator software from their computers, they can no longer access the CD-ROM drive and get various error code messages. To fix the problem, you may need to modify the registry.
Windows Media Player requires something called a ‘codec’ (decoder software) in order to play your DVD movies. In most cases, Windows Media Player would grab the codec installed by this third-party program whenever you insert a DVD but you m...
Can't send mail from a hyperlink. Send To" and E-mail Links Do Not Work Using Outlook Express.
Several computer errors such as ccsvchst.exe errors, code 10 and code 39 errors, and runtime errors are generated due to accumulation of this obsolete and invalid data in the registry. Malware infections are another cause of registry problems. Malicious p...
You have a folder that when you try to save files to it, you get an error message saying it's Read-only. Folder properties will not let you uncheck Read-only. Some folders are used for system folders and you can rename, delete, etc. a folder even though...
Changing the Contacts ViewNow it is very easy to change how much information is displayed when viewing Contacts1.Click on Contacts in the Navigation Pane2.Under Current View, select whichever one you want to use.
Both. Let's explain this paradox. Hard drive capacity is calculated by taking the number of Cylinders x Heads x Sectors x 512 Bytes per sector. There are two different definitions of a megabyte and a gigabyte. For simplicity and consistency, hard drive ma...
SUMMARYWhen copying files from a diskette on a Windows computer, you may occasionally experience an "Error performing inpage operation". In this scenario, this error usually indicates physical problems on the diskette media, and is probably un...
NTFS FAT FAT32 - A computer running Windows XP or Windows 2000 can access files on an NTFS partition. A computer running Windows NT 4.0 with Service Pack 4 or later might be able to access some files. Other operating systems allow no access. Acc...
You can use the net user command at the command line to restrict when a user can log on. Of course, you will need to have the user name and password and you'll need to set accounts and passwords for everyone else that this user doesn't know, so they can't...
Copying Additional Files during the InstallationWhile installing Windows95, you have the ability to copy in additional files. These can be copied to any directory you choose. A sample will be given at the end of this section.There are five basic steps you...
The CPU is a hard component to troubleshoot because it is essentially the brains of the PC. We often get questions from people asking if the motherboard will produce a beep code if the CPU is bad. A computer will not beep without the CPU. There will be no...
Running into duplicate data in an Access Database can be quite annoying during the hectic workday, so I decided to write up a technique to help identify the duplicate records so you can manually handle them.There are many causes for duplicate data: for in...
After writing articles about how to open the Safely Remove dialog as well as eject a specific USB drive, some readers contacted me asking me to write about how to eject a CD or DVD drive instead, so I'm covering that here.There's a number of ways to...
Download ISO file to your desktop. Insert a blank CD. A window will appear stating: You inserted a blank CD Choose what to do from the pop-up menu. Click on the drop-down menu adjacent to Action: Choose Open other application . . . Navigate to the Disk Ut...
Solution:To create a flashing background when opening a web page the below JavaScripts need to be added within the body of a web page.<script> function initArray() { this.length = initArray.arguments.length for (var i = 0; i < this.length; i++) t...
 you can use to create INF files is INFINST , also in the \ADMIN\NETTOOLS\NETSETUP directory.This will allow you to use existing INF files, such as OEMSETUP.INF, and add their information to your MSBATCH.INF.For example, this will allow you to add addi...
The main program available to create INF files is BATCH.EXE . Version 1 can be found on the CD in the \ADMIN\NETTOOLS\NETSETUP (for the original Win95) or in the  \ADMIN\NETTOOLS\BSETUP directory for OEM SR2. Version 2.0 is available from Microsoft's W...
                 Some things in life you simply can't afford to lose, and when it comes to your business, data should be at the top of the list. Sales records, tax information and other sensitive data are...
Data transfer rate is the speed with which data can be transmitted from one device to another. Data rates are often measured in megabits (million bits) or megabytes (million bytes) per second.
This is normal as long as it continues to work, because of the data structure many computers spend a good amount of time at or around 10%.
If you look at the Start menu in XP, you'll notice that all the items that were on the desktop are now in the Start menu. It's easy to get those icons back to your desktop. Here's how: 1. Right click on the toolbar in XP. 2. Select Properties. 3. Click on...
Answer:Notice: RAM and available hard disk drive space are two completely different things.  Windows 98, ME, NT4, 2000, XP, and Vista usersTo check how much RAM is available on your computer follow the below steps. Click Start Click Settings Click Cont...
Hundreds of file formats exist for recording and playing digital sound and music files. While many of these file formats are software dependant — for example a Creative Labs Music File is a .cmf — there are several well-known and widely s...
SPD, or Serial Presence Detect, is a program in an EEPROM chip on the modules of SDRAM (Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory). It tells the system’s BIOS what the specifications and settings of the memory module are. All of our SDRAM DIMMs h...
Most likely, yes. One hard drive must be designated as the master drive and the other as the slave drive if they're sharing the same data cable.
Intensity of radiation increases exponentially with proximity. It is therefore very important to get a monitor that confirms to low emission standards. Otherwise extended use of the monitor becomes a health hazard . Check that the monitor confirms to inte...
You should occasionally create a Restore Point. Before Vista, Windows would generally create restore points after a major event, such as an update or a program installation that uses InstallSchield or the Windows Installer. If your system is running g...
First, it is important to realize that MS-DOS has not been included or required for Microsoft Windows since Windows 3.11. Microsoft Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows ME, Windows NT, Windows ME, Windows 2000, Windows XP, and Windows Vista users may get confu...
DO NOT remove any stickers from the modules. Removing these stickers will void the warranty. The main sticker is the bar code sticker which has the Viking serial number under the bar code. This bar code number gives us all of the information about the mod...
If you plan on not using or selling your old computer and have an extra monitor, this monitor can almost always be used on a newer computer. To clarify if it can be used, verify that the connector type for the monitor matches that on the back of the new c...
Yes. System restore is not a substitute for backing up your data.
Windows releases indicate that they all support DMA transfers. Windows does not know the difference between Ultra ATA/33 or Ultra ATA/66. UDMA data transfer rate is determined by your HDD, your controller and the BIOS. This applies for all the following W...
Top Five Sysmptoms of a Sick Registry Sluggish performance Frequent errors Malfunctioning hardware Computer locks up Computer crashes
Note: If your computer is running Windows Me, 2000, or XP, UITS recommends enabling your system to automatically download and install any needed updates. For instructions, see the Automatic updates section at the end of this document.Windows UpdateMicroso...
So you are reading instructions on some article that tells you to reboot into Safe mode. You ask how you do that, and are told to use the F8 key when the computer boots up. But you just can't seem to get the F8 key to work… so how do you boot into S...
Below is a listing of general questions and answers commonly asked regarding Microsoft defrag,  How often should I run defrag?This is a commonly asked question with a difficult answer as every computer and computer user is different. We generally recom...
Being an integral part of a Windows operating system makes registry maintenance a very important part of any PC maintenance activity. Before going through the tasks you can perform to clean the registry and repair registry errors, let’s first have ...
Word Wide Web and URLThe World Wide WebThe World Wide Web is a collection of multimedia documents that are connected by hypertext links. To view the World Wide Web you need a web browser like Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator. World Wide Web documen...
CONFIG.SYS and AUTOEXEC.BAT FilesThe purpose of this section is to give a general guideline for dealing with your original CONFIG.SYS and AUTOEXEC.BAT filesWindows9x does not rely on a CONFIG.SYS and AUTOEXEC.BAT file to the extent that DOS didWith DOS, a...
Going to a LAN party Hosting a LAN partyGoing to a LAN partyVisiting a local Network LAN party can be one of the most gratifying experiences for people who enjoy the challenge of playing with or against other human players. At LAN parties you will get the...
The USB specification supports up to 127 devices, which means you could theoretically connect up to 127 different USB devices up to your computer. If you needed more than 127 devices, you could even install another USB card to connect additional USB devic...
Can you recommend an inexpensive program that will convert documents to PDF files? Free shareware is good, but I'd be willing to spend a little bit of money for a nice program. I just don't want to spend $400 for Adobe Acrobat.A. There's a nifty utility c...
In Windows 3.1, click MAIN group, CONTROL PANEL, and MIDI MAPPER. Then choose MPU401. In Windows 95, click CONTROL PANEL, MULTIMEDIA icon, and MIDI folder. Then choose MPU401 or external MIDI device. However, the sound card has to have wave table built in...
For this to work you will need WinRAR installed on your computer and Microsoft Windows with access to the command prompt. Hiding a message or other data:-Create a text file with your secret message or hidden data and highlight it and/or highlight each of ...
See the white sticker on the side of the last ISA slot or the prints on the board itself.
Below are recommendations and steps you can do to help make your computer quieter as well as a listing of the main causes of computer noise:Computer fans (Case fans and CPU fans):The majority of the noise most computers have come from the computer fans. A...
Reasoning:Users who may have read about a MS-DOS command that is not available in their version of MS-DOS or Windows may wish to download the file for their computer.Because each version of MS-DOS and/or Windows is different many of the external commands ...
The first things you should do are 1) Buy or download a free antivirus program. Update that antivirus program, then run a full scan of your system. 2) Do not open Email attachments--even if you know who they're from. Some Email worms will send mail fr...
The first step is to convert from whatever format the sound is in to WAV or AIFF. In some cases (e.g. MP3), many of the popular CD recording programs will do the conversion for you. If not, you will need to convert it to 44.1KHz 16-bit stereo PCM format. ...
Microsoft Windows 95, 98, ME, NT, 2000, and XP users: The above Microsoft Windows users can easily identify what drives Windows has detected by opening My Computer. To the right is an example image of what My Computer may look like. As can be seen from...
Below are some of the various methods of sending text messages from one computer to another computer:- All of the below methods of sending messages to other computers will require that the computer have some type of network and/or Internet connectivity...
To play DVD-Video titles, you have to set the region for your system after installing MPEG-2 decoder. And the system will be fixed to one specific region. The procedure is as follows: 1) Install your MPEG-2 decoder (either hardware or software) in your P...
It is possible to talk with others around the world using NetMeeting with VC324 kit. Whenever you install or set up NetMeeting while running it for the first time, it will take you through a Sound Setup Wizard, which will set up your sound setting for you...
Reasoning:Often, a person needs to know his or her typing speed or how many words a minute (WPM) because of job requirements. Often, many jobs where a user will be working with a computer will require that the user needs to be capable of typing so many wo...
The procedure for updating BIOS is different for EPROM and Flash ROM chips. Please refer to the following explanation. If you have an EPROM BIOS chip, it will have a small glass window on the top which is covered by a BIOS label. The internal components o...
A COAST module is only used in conjunction with P.B. SRAM. If your main board already has asynchronous SRAM on board you cannot use the COAST module for expanding the external cache. This is because the two different types of SRAM cannot be used in the sa...
Steps to create a CD if you have installed ISO Recorder Power Toy:Download the ISO CD image to a folder on your computer.Insert a blank CD in your CD-RW drive.Start Windows Explorer.Locate the ISO file, right-click the file name, and then click Copy image...
In Windows and DOS, every file that is stored gets at least one allocation unit (called a "cluster") no matter what the size of the file is. The size of the cluster grows incrementally with the size of the partition. If you're using FAT16 file s...
You can change your screen resolution by either right-clicking the desktop and selecting Properties, or by going into the control panel and clicking the Display icon. You will then click the Settings tab. In Vista, you will find the monitor settings und...
This document explains how to clear the history of your Internet browser's address bar. Address bar Autocomplete Location barReasoning:To stop listing the pages a user has recently visited or searched for, they may wish to clear the address bar history...
Open your slide show file in PhotoSuite, click on the FILE menu, select "Save As" and you will have the option to save the file in three different formats. One of them is a self running EXE file. You can then copy it to a CD send it to everyone ...
Below are the steps required to copy computer files from one source to another in each of the major operating systems. Microsoft Windows 95, 98, ME, NT, 2000, XP, and 2003 users MS-DOS users Microsoft Windows 95, 98, ME, NT, 2000, XP, 2003:Below are the s...
Many time users who get into computers, who want to learn more about computers, or who think they have a good idea for a program may wish to create their own program but are not sure where to start. For users who are interested in developing their own pro...
If you can afford it, go for a large screen monitor (eg. 17" or 19"). The larger screen area is less straining on eyes, especially when running at high resolutions such as 1280 x 1024. The larger screen area allows you to fully exploit the graph...
Microsoft Windows 95, 98, ME, NT, 2000, XP users :-Microsoft 95, 98, ME, NT, 2000, and XP users can delete a folder several different ways, below is a listing of the different methods to delete a folder. Notice: Users not familiar with Windows should real...
Determining how long your computer has been running for, also known as the uptime, depends on the type of operating system you're running on the computer. Below is a listing of different ways of determining how long a computer has been up for each of t...
Microsoft Windows users:Below are the steps required for determining the size of a file or multiple files on computers that are running Microsoft Windows.Locate and highlight the file or files you wish to determine the size of. Right-click the file and cl...
Users running Microsoft Windows 98, 2000, or XPMicrosoft Windows users can easily determine the type of network card currently installed in their computer by following the below steps.Click the Start Button and then click the "Programs" folder. ...
If you are attempting to identify the scanner manufacturer or model, this information is commonly found on the top or bottom of the scanner. If you are attempting to determine the scanner's interface, you must familiarize yourself with the different types...
A plaintext file, such as a file with a ".txt" extension, in Microsoft Windows can only have text and no type of formatted text or images inserted into it. If you're working with this type of a file it will need to be converted into a file forma...
Most cables supplied by motherboard manufacturers have a tooth or key in the center of the end of the cable connector that matches up against the notch cutout on the connector end of the device you're hooking the cable connector up to (i.e. hard drive, CD...
Some web sites have the capability of taking advantage of a secure connection between the web site and your browser. This may be important to you, for instance, if you are entering credit card information or other personal information at a web site. To te...
You may not. A lot of IS shops place orders for replacement memory and processor’s under equipment maintenance or repair parts. This being the case, you should audit the individual line items of the PO’s or invoices to see what parts are be...
Your computer will not usually power up if the power supply is defective. However, before calling or emailing for support, or requesting a replacement, please make sure that you have correctly configured your system and make sure that you have a known, go...
In order to properly support an 8.4 GB or larger IDE drive, your system's BIOS must be capable of supporting INT13 Extensions. You may contact your system manufacturer or system manual to determine if your system supports INT13 extension.
We recommend the easiest method to limit your upload speeds on a computer. You can do this by using a software utility designed to limit the upload speed and run it on the computer you wish to limit. Below are some examples of software programs designed t...
Users may need to download and/or install software and/or drivers for their hardware for any of the below reasons.User erased their computer and is starting over. New hardware did not come with the required software. Need an update to the software that ca...
There are several different commands that can be used to open, create, edit, and/or view a file in Linux. Below is a listing of each of these commands:Click on the links for each of these commands to get additional information about them. Each of the c...
The four corners of a monitor is the most critical area. This is the area where the display is usually the least sharp. Open an application like Excel or Words and observe the text File at the top left hand corner. A good monitor together with a good vide...
To open Windows Media Player and play the file by following the below steps:- Click Start Go to Programs, Accessories, and then Entertainment Click Windows Media Player.
Reasoning:You may need to create a print out, or hard copy, of the files in a directory for any of the below reasons.Have a file listing of MP3 files that you wish to print out a list of so you can have a hard copy of all your songs. Need to have a copy f...
Use Add or Remove Programs Control Panel to remove the software From the Windows start menu, select Control Panel. Double-click Add or Remove Programs. A list of currently installed programs and updates appears. Scroll down the list of software and select...
When in Microsoft Windows or any GUI operating system you may need to select multiple files to copy, delete, or move them. Below are some of the different methods of how to select multiple files in a GUI operating system.1.Select all the files in the...
Below are the different methods of spell checking a document in some of the major text editors.1.Microsoft Word, FrontPage, and Outlook users 2.Microsoft Notepad and Wordpad 3.Corel WordPerfect 4.OpenOffice 5.Other text editors 6.Online solutions(1)Micros...
The performance of a CD-ROM drive is dependent on two factors: data transfer rate and access time. Data transfer rate refers to the amount of data that a CD-ROM drive can send to a PC in a certain period of time. For example, a CD-ROM with 900 KB/sec tran...
 CD-ROM's speed is measured in terms of its data transfer rate. The data transfer rate for a CD-ROM drive is measured in terms of bytes per second and measures the speed at which the drive can transmit data to the system? memory and CPU for processing....
Even though a monitor is not in use, it continues to consume a lot of energy. A power management system senses the state of inactivity and reduces power consumption to the bare minimum. How? Either by sensing a signal from the video controller to the moni...
There are six components included in Direct X. They are: Direct Draw ---> Direct Graphic and Video control. Direct 3D ---> Direct 3D Graphic control. Direct Sound ---> Direct Sound control. Direct Play ---> Direct Communication control. Dire...
Programs that are installed / uninstalled in Windows may also change the association of files on your computer.Below is additional information about how to change what programs are used to open files and how they open the files in Microsoft Windows. Any t...
Both must be useing the NTFS files system. If you run Windows XP Professional, open "My Computer" and select Tools and then Folder Options. Under the View tab, go to the advanced setting window. Scroll down until you see the option to "Us...
There are several ways a user can go about copying data from one computer to another computer. Below is a listing of some of these methods of how a user can get information from one computer to another computer. Note: Before attempting to copy information...
Microsoft Windows 95, 98, ME, NT, 2000, XP users _:-Microsoft 95, 98, ME, NT, 2000, and XP users can create a folder several different ways, below is a listing of the different methods to create a folder. My Computer Open My Computer or Windows ExplorerÂ...
Microsoft Windows 3.11, 95, 98, ME usersIn the telnet window click Terminal drop down and select the option Start Logging. This will open a new window on where you can save the log. Once the log location has been specified logging is enabled. Other Window...
Windows XP lets you create a reset disk so that, if you should forget your password, you'll be able to use the disk to reset the password. Otherwise, you might never be able to log onto the account again. To make the disk, you use the Forgotten Password ...
Before determining the type of controller you have, you must determine what type of controller you are attempting to identify and whether or not the controller is an expansion card or on the motherboard. Today with most computers, the controller is integr...
Svchost.exe guide intends to help users optimize their pc and fix Svchost.exe and related errors. You'll find tips below to dramatically boost your computer performance, get rid of errors, and maintain its health. No technical knowledge is required! Wha...
Part 1 - IntroductionMany people build themselves a new website, then submit the URL to as many search engines as possible and sit back and wait for the visitors to come. Unfortunately, this approach doesn’t result in people visiting your website, ...
Configure your startup and watch your PC's speed sky rocket. Windows by default runs many unnecessary programs in the background which chips at your speed and causes errors. In addition to that, as time goes by you've installed new programs. These program...
 This is useful for creating CDs that can be used to do such things as diagnose a computer, restore a computers configuration, start the installation of a program or operating system,  or setup or update hardware.  Use CD recording software bo...
Create an autorun.inf by clicking Start, Run, type notepad and press enter.In notepad type:[autorun] open=setup.exe icon= icon.icoIn the above paragraph where open is located if your CD has an executable which you would like to run automatically you would...
How to optimize disk space for recording to CD For best performance when burning data to a CD or DVD, you should configure your computer to use a drive other than the one on which Windows is installed for temporary storage of the files during the write pr...
As PC storage requirements grow, new bottlenecks appear. Once managed, corrected bottlenecks have traditionally unleashed growth for PC storage capacities. The two primary issues, BIOS and operating system limitations, create inhibitors to new capacity po...
Right click the desktop and choose Properties to launch the Display Properties. Next, click the Desktop tab in the Display Properties. On the Desktop tab, click the button marked "Customize Desktop" to launch the Desktop Items dialog box. The D...
First of all, you need an MPEG-2 decoder specially designed for DVD-Video playback. Then some settings to configure the decoder (either hardware or software) have to be decided, such as 1) Screen aspect ratio 2) Audio quality change 3) Language option Se...
Windows 3.x and MS-DOS usersTo change the name of a disk drive from a MS-DOS prompt, type the below text; substitute "yourname" for what you wish to name the drive. label c: yourname The above example will rename your C: drive to "yournam...
Follow the following steps:- this requires a registry edit. Editing your registry can cause cancer and computer crashes. Only do it if you know what you are doing (and can afford chemotherapy). 1. Click Start 2. Click Run 3. Type regedit and hit ENTER ...
Browser Proxy Setting instructions:  Internet Explorer Browser  tested versions 5, 6, 7 Open Hiproxy, select checkbox Use Proxy, then enter a file name location in Config File. After choosing proxies for one or more protocols (HTTP, HTTPS, etc.), h...
 Below are some important things to realize when using the Microsoft Windows recovery console. You will need to know the Microsoft Windows administrator password. Before running the Windows recovery console you need to realize you will need to have at ...
The answer to this question all depends on what you want to use the PC for. #HOME PCOperating System - Microsoft Windows XP Processor - Any Intel or Athalon Processor between 2.0Ghz and 3.0Ghz Hard Drive - 40Gb to 80Gb RAM - 512Mb Graphics Card - Any ...
Often, people who purchase a new computer will wonder what to do with their older computer, or if they should just throw it away. Below are some recommendations of what you can do with your older computer:- Use the computer for other things Give to kids o...
Yes, the HDD will not run in UDMA/66 mode but instead is a slower compatible mode such as Ultra ATA/33, DMA Mode 2 (16.6 MB/s) or PIO Mode 4 (16.6MB/s)
This issue may be caused by any of the below reasons. Codec issueThis type of an issue is almost always caused by a codec issue. A movie may be created to utilize a certain codec to allow the file to be smaller and more portable. However, in order for the...
52Verify that the drive is jumpered properly and that it is detected in the BIOS. If possible, verify that the drive is visible under standard FDISK. If it is, determine what kind of partitions may already exist on the drive. This issue can sometim...
No. Windows has the ability to roll back drivers. You can do this from the Device Manager under the System icon of the Control Panel. While a system restore will fix driver problems, its overkill in this point.
This is unfortunately a reality of FAT32. It takes Defrag and Scandisk an equal amount if time to examine a single cluster, regardless of that cluster's size. Since FAT32 uses smaller clusters, there are many times more clusters, and these operation...
This feature is only available in Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 in TweakUI versions 2.10.0.0 and higher. If you're running a lower version of TweakUI you will need to uninstall the old version and download the latest version.
It is normal for icons and characters to become smaller in higher resolutions. Verify you have Large Font installed for larger characters. A 19-inch or larger monitor is recommended for these higher modes
Cause:When scanning an image in black and white it will be set as a black and white image, which means colors cannot be used until it is changed into a different format.Solution:Change the image mode from black and white to color.Click Image Click Mode Cl...
If you have an IDE drive installed in a PC, by default the PC will always try and boot from it first. If you want to boot from your SCSI drive you'll need to see if you can designate it as a boot drive within the SCSI controller setup. In a PC environment...
We recommend the use of a UPS (Uninterruptible Power Supply) or a Line Conditioner. Sudden power off without shutting down your system properly first is one of the worst enemies of your PC. It is particularly bad to the integrity of your hard drive
What is the io.sys file?The io.sys file is a MS-DOS and Windows 9x hidden system file that is used to load the operating system each time the computer boots. Computers running MS-DOS with our without Windows 3.x required the io.sys and msdos.sys a...
What is the svchost.exe file?Microsoft Windows executable file labeled as: "Generic Host Process for Win32 Services". This is a required Windows file and is used to load needed DLL files that are used with Microsoft Windows and Windows programs ...
The short answer to this question is No. Users should not simply press the power button or restart the computer while Windows is still running unless there is an issue with the computer. Microsoft has included the shut down feature because it enables a co...
Solution:Windows 95 does not include any supported FAT converter. The user may have one of three options available to get FAT32 support: If you are running Windows 95 OSR2 you can delete your partition (which will delete all your information) and recreate...
Following are the most commonly used graphics file formats for putting graphics on the World Wide Web and how each differs from the others. JPEG/JPGShort for Joint Photographic Experts Group, the original name of the committee that wrote the standard. JPG...
Windows Registry: An OverviewBeing an integral part of a Windows operating system makes registry maintenance a very important part of any PC maintenance activity. Before going through the tasks you can perform to clean the registry and repair registry err...
Have you ever wondered how to change the default Windows XP logon screen? Today I got the crazy idea to figure out how to make it look like Windows Vista instead, so I'm writing that up for you.You'll have to download and install the free LogonStudio appl...
The "Microsoft Management Console" (MMC) is one of the lesser-known elements of Windows 2K and XP; items with the "msc" extension open inside the Management Console, and may be altered from there. The MMC is a very powerful way to acce...
Msocache is another of those directories that somehow just appears. MSO stands for MicroSoft Office. It's a local copy of Microsoft Office's installation source. Put another way, it's a copy of portions of the Microsoft Office installation CD. It's used ...
You may have a couple of problems here. 1) Your colors may be set to 256 and should be set to 16-bit or 32-bit depending on your graphics capabilities. Or 2) You should make sure your graphics drivers are installed. To update your graphics drivers, vis...
If your PC is out of Warranty and you have a problem with it relating to the PC's Hardware, feel free to get in touch with us and we will try and solve the problem as best we can by giving you the advice you may need. Or you could take it to your local co...
Are you getting an error message on the monitor? If it states a Non-System Disk error occurred, check to make sure that you do not have a non-bootable disk in the floppy drive, or even the CD-ROM drive if your system can boot to the CD drive. If this is n...
Spyware, adware, malware, and other Trojans are becoming an ever-growing threat to users who browse the Internet and/or install free programs. However, many computer users do not realize when these programs are secretly installed on a computer or realize ...
This document is for users who are experiencing issues with their sound while in Windows Media player.Codec issueIf only some of the movies you're playing do not get sound it's likely you have a codec issue. A movie may be created to utilize a certain cod...
After switching to FiOS and testing my ports, I found that port 4567 was open. If you test the ports, be sure to use a scanner that can scan port numbers in this range, or one that can scan any single port. I still don't know why the PORT is open but it...
Other Features1.Safer E-Mail with Outlook Express and Windows Messenger - Potentially unsafe attachments that are sent through e-mail and instant messages are isolated so that they cannot affect other parts of the system.2.The Messenger Service, a potenti...
When you attempt to send a message by using Outlook Express, the following error message may appear: The message could not be sent, an error has occurred. When you click the Outbox, the following error message may also appear: Folder could not be displ...
It's not a crack or a way to foil Windows Product Activation (WPA), but rather is a way that legitimate users of XP software can avoid having to reactivate the software after a full install: The trick is to copy and re-use the c:\windows\system32\wpa.dbl...
Sir, Since your pc gets shutdown suddenly like power switched off,its indication that you are facing hardware problem. Since your computer system is old i.e 3-4yrs. Its probablity that it has lots of dirt particles in it.Clean this dirt from your cabinet....
Installed a new DVD player but can't play DVD movies? That's because Windows XP doesn't come with built-in DVD decoder software. Only some OEMs install this software on the machines they sell. Here's how you can tell whether your copy of XP has DVD deco...
Before overclocking you should be aware of the many possible hazards of increasing the clock speed of your CPU or system bus. Frying Your Processor Through overheating or improper jumper placement, there is a danger that you may short out or melt your pro...
Copy the Microsoft Windows cabs and/or system files from one of the directories specified below to the computer hard disk drive. This will enable you the ability to point to the folder that contains the windows system information. Commonly, this directory...
.Receive error 'Too many parameters'.Issue:Receive error 'Too many parameters'.Cause:There is one too many spaces in the command you are typing. Solution:Verify that the command you are typing is correct and that you have no additional spaces in the co...
If you are doing a large amount on installations over a network, I recommend you use the NETSETUP utility that is the \ADMIN\NETTOOLS\NETSETUP directory on the CD.This expands all the files to approximately 130 megs on to a network server. You can then ke...
Ideally, the registry entries that are no longer required should be removed from the registry. However, this procedure is not flawless, and quite often a lot of unwanted, obsolete, and invalid data gets left behind within it. Some of the activities tha...
To prevent these computer errors and prevent computer slowdown, it is important for you to maintain a healthy registry. Experts recommend—using a reliable registry cleaner tool that is compatible with your Windows Operating system version, has good...
If the checkbox is unavailable, this may indicate that Windows does not view the drive as UDMA capable. This could be a driver issue, or your hard drive or motherboard does not support UDMA. Assuming the drive and motherboard support UDMA, make sure that ...
Below is a sample MSDOS.SYS File[Paths] WinDir=C:\WINDOWS WinBootDir=C:\WINDOWS HostWinBootDrv=C [Options] BootGUI=1 Network=1 BootMulti=1 ; ;The following lines are required for compatibility with other programs. ;Do not remove them (MSDOS.SYS needs to b...
After you perform a search using Vista's search feature, you can save the search in a special folder. This feature allows you to create a virtual folder which, by default, is saved in your \\Searches\ folder. Every time you open such a folder, the searc...
Schedule a Shutdown for your Computer Set your computer to shut down at a specific time when your not there. A little program that will allow you to do just that. It's called Shutdown Monster and it's free.  
Should I Install SP1 Before SP2? All Microsoft service packs include everything that was in all previous service packs, so you can install just the latest service pack, without having to install earlier service packs first.
Today, many viruses and worms are distributed through e-mail, and to help make the virus spread even more, the virus or worm may make itself look as if it is coming from a legitimate source such as Microsoft. Below are basic examples of what this type of ...
In the past a new computer could cost as much as an inexpensive car. However today, the cost of a new computer has dramatically decreased and depending on what you need out of the computer may or may not justify the purchase of a new computer. Below is...
Windows Vista restricts network traffic to 10 packets per millisecond while playing multimedia to prevent skipping. Unfortunately this causes network speed to be pitiful on a gigabit network, especially during file copies over the network.Service Pack 1 i...
Cause:IRQ Conflicting devices.Solution:Static resource conflicts are caused when one or more devices are conflicting with another device. If you have recently added a device to your computer, attempt to remove the device from the computer. If this resolve...
The world of storage can be forbidding to a novice. Even veteran IT personnel may be put off by the sheer volume of new terminology and alphabet soup that has evolved. Before we dive in, let's sample some basic terms. This is by no means a complete list o...
Svchost.exe... Problem or NO Problem?If your computer is slower than normal and you're having other problems it could mean Svchost.exe is an undesirable trojan or it is corrupted. Whether it is a trojan or not usually depends on where it is located on you...
It takes forever to view stored thumbnail photos, whether in Windows Explorer or a program window. Often the thumbnails are the wrong size, or don't show at all, being replaced by the default Windows icon. Apparently Photoshop inserts a new function h...
The basic syntax for using a particular INF file is: SETUP INF_FILENAMEIf you use the default of MSBATCH.INF , you do not need to enter any name after SETUP.
When attempting to read drive A: or a floppy diskette in Microsoft Windows you receive the message "The disk in drive A is not formatted. Do you want to format it now?" or "A:\ is not accessible. The device is not ready.".  This mes...
SETUP SwitchesThere are several switches available to use along with SETUP. Some are undocumented.filenameRuns the particular INF file/IDIgnores the DIsk Space check/ISIgnores the routine System check/IQSkips the test for cross-linked files/IMSkips the me...
This error could mean the device has no drivers installed or is incorrectly configured. Try updating the drive by clicking Update Driver. This starts the Hardware Update wizard. If updating the driver doesn't work, see your hardware documentation for more...
This issue can be caused by any of the below possibilities.TSR or other program in the background causing issuesMake sure all programs and TSR's running in the background are closed. Open programs such as virus scanners or other utilities can cause numero...
This issue could be caused by any of the below possibilities.Bad network address. Port not open on computer or device attempting to telnet to. Permission settings prohibiting telnet. Bad network addressVerify the address you are attempting to telnet to is...
1.Group Policies are basically dividing into two groups: Computer Configuration and User Configuration2.Both have three main groups: Software Settings, Windows Settings and Administrative Templates3.To enable a particular policy, double click on it and se...
Paint is a program used to draw, color, and edit pictures. You can use Paint like a digital sketchpad to make simple pictures and creative projects or to add text and designs to other pictures, such as those taken with your digital camera. The parts of Pa...
 If your document has seemingly vanished into thin air, you may have just opened a new window.   Close the current window you're viewing and that will probably reveal your document.
With a total worldwide distribution of over half a million downloads, VistaBootPRO has proven to be an indispensable utility for the Vista enthusiast, and was recently named to PC World's "101 Fantastic Freebies" list; Chances are you're here be...
The following is a sample INF file which: Installs an IP protocol stack with Client for Microsoft Network Removes the MSN and Inbox Sets up for: Minimum Password length of 6 No Dial-In Server No File or Print sharing User Profiles Installs an LPT1.DOS por...
A Restore Point is a snapshot of your registry at a specific time. Restore Points are created each time you install or upgrade Windows, and updates are also created before each update via Microsoft Updates.
CLV stands for Constant Linear Velocity. To make the CD-ROM drive to achieve higher data transfer rate, the most common way is just simply increasing spindle motor speed. Almost all of CD-ROM makers adopt this way from their early 2X till now. For achievi...
Ensure that the monitor is NOT PLACED NEAR THE TRANSFORMER OF SOME COMPUTER PERIPHERALS such as printers and zip drives.The electric fields from these transformers will cause flicker on the monitor. AVOID placing the monitor near a column or pillar which ...
High Bandwidth, Low misonvergence, small horizontal pitch and a good video display card are some key factors that determine a good display. Video dot rate (also known as BANDWIDTH) is a specification that indicates how fast a monitor can respond. A monit...
DVD-ROM drives offer several advantages over CD-ROM drives, especially in the area of storage capacity: Greater capacity: With 4.7 gigabytes of storage capacity on a single layer and 8.4 gigabytes on a dual-layer disc, DVD-ROM offers more than 12 times th...
Well, in a nutshell, the form factors are changing and improving with time to make motherboards smaller and more efficient with more components. LPX and NLX are very rare. MicroATX and FlexATX are just starting to get popular. However, the standard is sti...
There are several differences between computer hardware and software:-However, the fundamental difference between hardware and software is that hardware is a physical device something that you're able to touch and see. For example, the computer monitor yo...
RPC (Regional Playback Control) is required by Hollywood movie industry and defined by DVD Forum. The different region code was recorded on DVD-Video disc for publishing in different area. Currently there are Phase-1 and Phase-2 of RPC. And, DVD Forum req...
Files that contain a tilde and other textFiles that suddenly appear with a tilde in front of them are commonly backup files of a file that was opened or is still currently open. For example, lets assume you were working on a file known as "myfile.doc...
A Trojan is a program you might willingly put on your computer that turns out to actually be a virus. 
The Windows Registry is a database that stores critical information and settings for all the software, hardware, registry keys, files, and preferences on your Windows PC. These Windows registry keys and files can begin to accumulate overtime and become co...
What Causes a Corrupt Registry? Installing and un-installing lots of programs Programs that either did not install Winterly or did not un-install Winterly Adding or removing hardware Drivers that are either unused or corrupt Other causes include spyware a...
The most important thing to think of is: what do I want my machine to do? The biggest mistake many people make is spending too much money on a machine, because they think faster is always better. Well, it is, but is it always worth it? If you want to s...
Generally, you will not want to mess with these settings if your monitor is working okay. If you're monitor flickers or if you are suffering unusual eye strain, you may want to increase the refresh rate to reduce the flickering. Yes, having two monitors...
Below is a listing of general reasons why computer hardware devices should have drivers updated or why updated versions of drivers may need to be installed.Enable the device to function with a computer. Compatibility with a new or different Operating Syst...
We strongly recommend that you have no more than the following peripherals and components installed at the time you load your operating system: Processor and heatsink with fan Case exhaust fan (if possible with your case) Recommended memory module (use on...
WAP stands for "Wireless Application Protocol". It is a wireless data transmission standard used by many wireless devices. (cell phones & PDA's) The reason we should be concerned about this new technology is that there are very few security ...
Polyphony refers to the number of notes the sound card's processor can simultaneously play to create a sound. A sound card that features 32-note polyphony can use up to 32 notes simultaneously to produce a sound
CD-RW is a rewritable CD utilizing an innovative phase change recording material (Ag-In-Sb-Te). This breakthrough effectively increases data erasability and recording sensibility, which are two major drawbacks of conventional phase change recording materi...
A CD-ROM drive is a device that can read information from a Compact disc. CD-ROM drives can be either internal, in which case they fit in a drive bay, or external, in which case they are usually connect to the computer ? parallel port or SCSI port. Parall...
A computer is a programmable machine that responds to instructions in a set manner. It can execute a prerecorded list of instructions (a program).The actual equipment — wires, transistors, and circuits — is called hardware; the instructions ...
There are many great free antivirus programs. AVG Antivirus and Avast! are a couple of good ones. You can also do online scans from Housecall. While Housecall will not give you real-time protection, it will scan your drives and help remove viruses alr...
Access time is the time a program or device takes to locate a single piece of information and make it available to the computer for processing. The access time for disk drives refers to the time it actually takes for the read/write head to locate a sector...
Due to the physical nature of the CD-R disk, the electrical signal picked up from CD-R disk is weaker than normal CD-ROM disk. The "Automatic Gain Control" (AGC) feature allows the CD-ROM drive to automatically enlarge this weak signal to meet t...
ATA (Advanced Technology Attachment) and IDE (Integrated Drive Electronics) both refer to disk drive designs that integrate the controller into the drive to reduce the interface cost and to ease firmware implementation
AT Attachment Packet Interface (ATAPI) is a standard for devices such as CD-ROM drives and tape drives, which specifies an interface that is compatible with ordinary ATA (IDE) port. The advantages of using ATAPI hardware are low cost and compatibility wit...
A short-range radio technology aimed at simplifying communications among Internet devices and between devices and the Internet. It also aims to simplify data synchronization between Internet devices and other computer. Products with Bluetooth technology m...
Buffered memory uses a Buffer chip to boost the clock signal sent across the memory module so that the clock signal is seen as a clean, sharp signal across the entire module. It eliminates chances of memory errors in data sent or retrieved from memory. It...
Cache, pronounced "cash", is a high-speed memory designed to supply the processor with the most frequently requested data and instructions. The information located in the cache memory can be accessed many times faster than information in the sys...
Computer hardware means the physical (internal and external) component of a computer and the digital circuits and computer chips inside the computer.  In the recent times, the hardware has been evolved in that way that it can be controlled, configured ...
DDR memory, or Double Data Rate memory, is an evolutionary new memory technology that doubles the data though put to the processor, or CPU. It is an evolution of PC133 SDRAM, which leverages the existing production and environment to provide higher PC ...
This function automatically adjusts the gain/offset to ensure data reading accuracy and reliability. In contrast to the analog servo, which needs manual adjustment in the factory prior to its shipment, the digital servo requires no adjustment during ma...
Direct X is a set of Dynamic Link Library for Window95 and Window NT4.0 or later. The purpose of Direct X is to support programmers in a direct way to control hardware in order to enhance system performance. Direct X is defined by Microsoft Inc
DVD, short for Digital Versatile Disk, is the newest standard for optical storage, which specifies a disk that is the same size as a standard CD but is able to hold much more information. DVD was developed by an industry consortium of electronics companie...
ECC stands for Error Correction Code. It is similar to Parity, but more advanced. It can detect multiple errors in data returned from memory and actually correct a single error. ECC memory has 8 extra bits to support the ECC. The System board to be used m...
Based on extensive experience with IDE, in 1993 Western Digital introduced a proposal for a new, but compatible, extension to the standard. Because this extension was an enhancement of the existing IDE standard and fully backward compatible, it was termed...
EIDE, short for Enhanced IDE, is a new version of the IDE mass storage device interface standard developed by Western Digital Corporation*. It supports transfer rates of between 11.1 and 13.3 megabytes per second, about three to four times faster than the...
Description: Error Nuker is a powerful utility that will scan the Windows Registry to identify errors and ways to optimize the performance of the Windows Registry. Unlike other similar tools, Error Nuker is very careful with the registry, it never delete...
HRTF(Head Related Transfer Functions) is a set of audio functions that are varying locations of sound effects in 3-dimension measured from listener's ears. With HRTF technology to re-create spatial hearing cues makes our ears to hear a realistic and three...
"Registered" is a means of "Buffering" the memory in SDRAM. This means that the clock signal is boosted across the entire array of memory chips so that the computer sees a clean sharp clock signal instead of a weakening clock signal as...
MIDI is the interface standard for connecting musical instruments to computers, and the MIDI standard provides the format for playback of digitized sounds by computers. MIDI allows a computer to turn 16 different sound channels on and off, and call up dif...
MSDOS.SYS FileThe MSDOS.SYS file is a hidden, system, read-only file created on the root of the boot drive. There are several boot configurations that can be changed using this file. To edit it, remove the attributes (ATTRIB -h -s -r MSDOS.SYS) Then us...
NAT is short for Network Address Translation. In a nutshell, NAT allows a group of computers to use a single IP address to communicate with the outside world or another network. Additionally it separates External IP addresses from Internal network IP addr...
Power Management is the system used for reducing a monitor's power consumption when it is not in use for any period of time. After a pre-set time of inactivity, a genuine power-down unit automatically cuts virtually all the power to the monitor. A very sm...
Rambus is a chip to chip interface design that is system wide, allowing 600 MHz transfer rates. It allows data transfer through a simplified bus that operates in a high frequency range. Rambus uses a low voltage signal swing with data transfer on both edg...
SDRAM is an acronym for Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory. The term "Synchronous" means that the clock cycle of the memory is exactly synchronized with the clock cycle of the bus. Every calculation and operation a PC performs is timed acc...
What is Svchost.exe?Many .exe files look legit but at closer examination some .exe file are secret trojans. These trojans drag your computers speed by sucking its resources dry. Not too mention certain trojans can steal your personal information which put...
System Restore is a Windows utility that allows you to revert your system's state to previous point in time. This allows you to undo damage caused by a program, update or driver.
TAPI is a interface between Hardware and Application. With TAPI , the application can work normal without care about which hardware is.
Online Support and File Transfer Works behind any Firewall able to give service  online .www.teamviewer.com
Two types of SDRAM modules are the 2-clock and the 4-clock module. Structurally, they are the same, but they are accessed differently. A 2-clock SDRAM module is set up so that each clock cycle accesses two chips on the module. A 4-clock SDRAM setup access...
Fast-ATA (faster transfer modes, like PIO mode 4) is a subset of Enhanced IDE which indicates the ability to run at higher transfer rates. Fast-ATA does not include all of the features of EIDE and primarily focuses on faster host data transfer rates (whic...
Unbuffered DDR memory is targeted at the consumer or home computer market. These are for system boards that will only support up to 2GB total memory. Registered DDR memory is targeted at the commercial market and its server and workstation environments. R...
DVD-Video features MPEG-2 video compression technology; as to VCD, it's MPEG-1.In Windows 98/95-OSR2.0, you can play VCD with the built-in Active Movie Control provided by Microsoft without installing any other software or hardware. But this does not appl...
The FM synthesizer is a component device based on the synthesis technique called frequency modulation. This technique allows PC component manufacturers to deliver complex sounds from simple, economically produced computer components
Computer Monitors are made with a small dot pitch so that it can display fine lines. What it makes up for in clarity & sharpness, loses out in brightness. TV on the other has a bigger dot pitch and thus displays fine lines poorly. However it can displ...
Do you often notice that your PC just doesn’t run as smoothly as it used to? This could be caused by anyone of several problems or a combination of all of them. The problem is, monitoring today’s PCs is increasingly difficult and time consum...
Minimum system requirements for PowerDVD V1.5 (the latest versions are 2.0 and 2.5): l) CPU: Intel Pentium II 266MHz or above Intel Celeron 300A or above AMD K6-2 300MHz or above 2) Memory: 16MB system RAM 3) Operation System: Windows 95 or Windows 98 4)...
The Sustain Transfer Rate is 11.08 Mb/sec (1,385 KB/second).
Anytime thumbnails view is enabled in Microsoft Windows the hidden file thumbs.db is automatically created. This file contains the information required by Windows to display the thumbnails for each of the icons.This file can be safely deleted from any dir...
The wave table synthesizer is a component device that contains large numbers of short digital recording of real instruments, which are stored in ROM. The amount of ROM and the compression technology required makes the Wave Table solution more expensive th...
UDF(Universal Disk Format Specification) is standardized by OSTA. UDF enable the file interchange among various platform and is optimized for large contiguous files. Further more, since UDF uses the physical block size (2K for DVD-RAM media) as its minimu...
Vertical frequency (also known as refresh rate) refers to the number of times the picture on the monitor is drawn per second. For example. when a monitor is operating at 75Hz, it mean s the monitor is " drawing" the picture 75 times in one secon...
VRAM is an acronym for Video Random Access Memory. Video memory is DRAM (Dynamic Random Access Memory) with an on-board serial register/serial access memory. It is designed for video applications. By upgrading your system's video memory, the resolution...
There are two fundamentally different ways of producing music on a computer, and each has its advantages and disadvantages. a.Wave forms are reproduced from digital samples, typically stored in a .wav file or, in the case of Red Book audio, on a standard...
Note: You must have a drive capable of burning information to a CD in order for any of the below programs to work. For example, a CD-R, CD-RW, DVD-R, DVD-RW, etc. are a few examples of drives capable of creating CD's. A standard CD-ROM drive is not capabl...
This document contains recommendations on what to do if the computer frequently freezes or completely halts. An easy way to determine if your computer is in this situation is by pressing the Num Lock button on the keyboard and watching the Num Lock led (l...
The best thing to do with cartridges when you are done is to send them to a place that does cartridge remanufacturing. Often the manufacturer will do this, sometimes with no cost to ship the cartridge back. It is also good to check your local listings for...
Depending on the type of processor, the manufacturer, how fast it runs, where the sensor is located, and what programs it is currently running will determine the temperature of what the processor should be. However, this document should give you a general...
There are currently two types of DDR memory available. The first, PC1600 DDR provides a 1.6GB/second throughput of data. The second type, PC2100 DDR, provides a 2.1GB/second throughput of data. Currently, the AMD-760 chipset will support either the PC1...
What word processing file format is most compatible across operating systems? Macs, Windows, and Linux can read RTF. Rich-text format (RTF). RTF.  It's a universal format that preserves most formatting.
If you know the basics, skip this part, but I want to make sure all bases are covered. The processor is the mind of your computer. It does your computation, it rallies the "soldiers" as it were, your video card, your peripherals, your sound... T...
H.324 is a ITU-T standard protocols include H.263,H.245,G.723.1 and H.223. It is use for video conference. You can talk with your friend with video image and audio through telephone line.
Each monitor can be set at its own color depth and screen resolution. Windows lets you specify the position of each monitor with respect to one another.
There are two technologies in constructing the central part of a cooling fan - the bearings. One is called ball-bearing and the other one is called sleeve-bearing (also called brushless). Ball-bearing fans are slightly more expensive, but in theory should...
All printer cables these days are bi-directional. IEEE is an enhancement to bi-directional. IEEE allows simultaneous reception and sending of signal between the printer and the computer. Some newer models of printers require IEEE cables. Check out your pr...
PAL's resolution support MAX 768x576 and NTSC's MAX is 640x480. They are different Video Signal under different country.
Full-screen mode (DOS sessions or DirectX applications) are always locked to the primary monitor. For example, Microsoft Flight Simulator has multi-monitor support, but secondary display views must be in windowed mode. Hopefully future versions of DirectX...
Each monitor must have its own video card (i.e. 3 monitors would require 3 video cards). The exception being if you have special multi-monitor video cards. Whether or not the primary or secondary displays can consist of traditional (CRT) monitors or (LCD)...
Video CD, or VCD, is a digital movie format. It's basically a primitive version of DVD. A Video CD is a kind of CD. It looks the same as a music CD or a CD-ROM, except that instead of music or software, it holds movies, using compressed MPEG-1 video. Its ...
A. WinFS was supposed to replace Windows' underlying file system with a database designed to make searching and sorting data immeasurably easier. Microsoft had to abandon the project, though, because it was just too tough to implement. The company doesn't...
Here is an excellent one and it is FREEhttp://www.eecs.wsu.edu/paint.net/index.html
Users who have motherboards with on-board network cards may have issues with locating the proper drivers for their network card. Often users encounter issues with their on-board network card after the operating system has been reinstalled and the motherbo...
Users who have motherboards with on-board video may have issues with locating the proper drivers for their video card. Often users encounter issues with their on-board video after the operating system has been reinstalled and the motherboard chipset drive...
You can get these on the homepage that is www.adobe.com This is for free!!
The Internet protocol suite came from work done by Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) in the early 1970s. After building the pioneering ARPANET in the late 1960s, DARPA started work on a number of other data transmission technologies. In 19...
Early versions of mspaint only supported .bmp, or bitmap images. So users who are running Microsoft Windows 95, Windows NT or an earlier version of Microsoft Windows will be unable to open other types of image files using mspaint.Microsoft later included ...
Because the Netmeeting 2.0 is using Intel video format , but some capture drivers have not support yet. You need to download a shareware driver to support. You can download this the "Ivi_Nt95.exe" utility from the Intel web site or ftp site: 1....
Most OEM cases come with only one case fan inside the power supply. That's often not enough to keep the entire cabinet cool since most new components are more powerful and thus generate more heat than the traditional ones. Examples are newer hard drive...
Boot times of about 20 to 30 seconds are normal for normal PCI motherboards. Some of the functions that the BIOS performs during system boot are the Power On Self Test (POST), scan for add-in cards with BIOS extensions, configuration of PCI add-in cards, ...
According to the Intel PIIX4 chip specs, the BIOS is not able to recognize the UDMA 66 hard drive. If you met this situation, we suggest you have the utility from the hard drive manufacturer that adjusts the hard drive to Ultra ATA 33. Then it will work n...
At this writing, Windows NT (build 1381) setup does not fully utilize INT13 Extensions, so it cannot access the full capacity of an 8.4 GB or larger drive through that method. Disk Administrator within the NT operating system identifies the full drive siz...
Why Errors Occur: Because of its importance it is not surprising to learn that the registry is one of the leading contributing factors to many errors, software failures, and file errors. Exception and fatal errors can also be attributed to an entry or num...
The Problem Have you noticed that the longer you have your computer, the slower it runs and the more it crashes? Often this phenomenon is caused by problems in the registry that accrue over time. Installing and uninstalling programs leave behind fragments...
A games online performance can be attributed to many factors. Below is a listing of some of the different causes of why an online game may be slow or laggy. ServerWhere a server is located, how many players are playing on the server, what type of conne...
Power Management is good news for user, for the environment. Improved working condition Reduced heat emission reduces humidity levels and makes the Working environment more pleasant. Better screen quality improves viewing. With an inactive screen. In add...
Hundreds of thousands of notebook computers are stolen every year. Which represents nearly 1/4 of the notebooks sold. A statistic too high to ignore. Not to mention the risk of losing the important and sometimes personal data on the notebook, makes it imp...
Make sure that your CD-ROM and your Hard Disk DO NOT share the same IDE cable. Otherwise, you may notice poor display performance when playing VCD/CD-I. A separate IDE cable for your CD-ROM is highly recommended.
                                                               ÂÂ...
No. The higher the wattage, the better the power supply (however, with more power consumption).
The ATX form factor is a different form factor than previous motherboard products. ATX has different requirements for mounting, cooling and peripheral connections.
No. Windows restores programs and Windows files only and will not erase data such as photos, Emails, music, or any other personal files.
No. While some firewalls may save you from worms scanning the Internet for open ports, a firewall will not save you from Human error virus infection, such as opening email attachments or partaking in file sharing.
and other USB mass storage based devices are becoming more and more common. Unfortunately, they often do not come with drivers because Windows Me, 2000, XP and Vista all come with generic drivers already installed. This way all you need to do is plug the ...
Windows Installer Cleanup utility  (XP and Vista)Trying to uninstall a program you never use anymore and Windows won't let you because some of the installation information is corrupt. Fortunately, Microsoft has a tool for removing installer information...
How to Re-register the Windows Picture and Fax Viewer The patch released by Microsoft to address the WMF exploit results in the loss of functionality of the Windows Picture and Fax Viewer. If you want your Picture and Fax Viewer back, try this: Click St...